November 22, 2019

The the most impressive theatre which was built in

The theatre is a type of art, which was born from communication with the
gods, rituals for various cults and to entertain people in their free time.
Theatre was also the place where people got a political and social education,
it was also used as a place of civic and philosophical debates and had
functioned as a spiritual purification. They have been designed as temples of
art and they were seeking to remove their audience from everyday concerns and
to send them in some virtual reality but the function of the theatre since the
early beginnings is to entertain people. Theatre brings stories and performances
to amuse  the public and with stories it
brings pleasure. This makes it an important part of life for some people and
for theatre to complete its purpose, it needs space. Theatres have been located
everywhere, from the most elegant residential areas to working-class neighborhoods
so it is available for everyone.  Normally
nowadays we imagine theatre as a building that has a architectural space
designed for performances , but in medieval times there are examples where
theatres existed as an important part of urban life and they didn’t have any
specific architectural elements devoted for its use. In 1597 Cuthbert Burbage
had inherited a theatre in London which was the first of its type but it was
just called The Theatre. Using this building as a base and adding some
materials in the theater it became the most impressive theatre which was built
in 1597-1598. This theatre is also called as The Shakespeare globe theatre,
because it was a place where Shakespeare staged most of his greatest plays.
Plays in the globe theatre usually started at three o’clock. There were three
types of flags which were hang on the flag mast and used to indicate what type
of play was to be played. Red was for history , white for comedy and the black
flag would indicate that tragedy it was a day for tragedy usually that play
would include death scenes. The first Folio was published in 1623 and was a
collection of 36 plays by Shakespeare. None of his plays were published when he
was alive but written plays by Shakespeare were performed at the globe theatre.
A tourist called Thomas Platter said in his diary that he had witnessed an
amazing performance on Julius Cesar, which was performed by 15 actors. Also many
notable plays were performed during 1600-1613 starting with hamlet and ending
with Henry VIII. Also a lost play of Shakespeare called Cardenio should have
been played in 1612. This period was very harsh for people in Britain and death
was a part of everyday life . People were searching for relief from this reality
and found it in the theatre and Elizabeth  was one of those people. She attended many
plays and other forms of entertainment so theatre became a vital part of Elizabethan
culture. The audience wanted more and more plays and shakespear started to
write more smooth and entertaining plays that time. The plays were unlike today,
because there were no backdrops, acoustics were bad and actors had to shout
their lines so everyone could hear them. Because of this viewer’s and their
imagination were more involved in plays and spectators where other interesting
aspect. The theatre could find room for 3 thousand people so It was open for
everyone. People of all status came in this theatre, but mostly it were poor
people. They paid 1 Penny and could stand in the yard, but wealthier people
payed 2-3 pennys for seats. There were also 3 circular galleries and they were
the most comfortable and showed the status of a person and the price was about
5-6 pennys. Because it was almost always full with people it caused some
problems, for example people didn’t bath in Elizabethan times and diseases could
be spread easily in this circumstances so tuberculosis and other diseases have
killed a big amount of people.
 Inside the theatre was very different
than one might expect. Most of the audience were seating very close to each
other the stench was quite horrendous that’s why all the Holes in the roof over
the stage were designed to let more wind in. Without an overhead roof, such a
view was exposed, but with the stage set at eye level some 5 feet off the
ground, you got the closest view in the house. The audience behaviour were very
bizarre in theatre and they reacted in different ways as for example throughout
plays, audiences ate, drank, spat, argued, booed, fought, and even threw fruit
at the actors. In 1613, an immense tragedy happened during a performance of
Henry VIII. The thatched roof caught on fire very quickly and burned to the
ground. The spectators escaped safely, with some exception of one man who was
badly burned. In the Elizabethan times fire was e real problem because almost
every building was constructed by wood and thatch. Oil lamps or candles were
used for light and usually they caused lot of accidents. Also The draperies and
thatched roofs were very dry and burned like very fast, which was the case in
The Globe Theatre. Fire extinguishers or fire departments were a actual
difficulty at the time, so the normal practice was to get leather fire buckets,
fill them with water, and dump them on the blaze. In 1614 anew Globe Theatre
was rebuilt shortly before Shakespeare’s death (referred to as Globe 2). This
time, the construction of the new globe was different. It had a tile roof and
most importantly, fire exits. It never stood up to the figure of the original
Globe, but remained as a memory of William Shakespeare and his theatre. In
1642, under a violent actions used by the puritan, British parliaments ordered
to stop all the theatrical plays. The Puritans were a religious group and the
term came into general usage at the end of the reign of Queen Mary I (Bloody
Mary). Puritans meant ‘those who wanted to completely change the Church of
England, with its Roman Catholic type of structure and traditions, for another
reformed and plain church model’. This was a strict religious mentality which
increased in many activities in England and developed superficial behaviour by
moving to a stricter cod. In 1644 the Puritans demolished the globe theatre.

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