November 18, 2019

The says Yusuf was a trained Salafist (an adherent

The Situation in
the Lake Chad Basin (Background, Solutions, Stats)

Information Gathered by John Prieschl

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The
issues surrounding the Lake Chad Basin is one of the most difficult and
imperative topics that nations around the world are determined to resolve.
Hunger and malnutrition plague the north-eastern Nigeria, Cameroon’s Far North,
western Chad and south-eastern Niger, with more than seventeen million citizens
being affected. Nigeria, a country that is damaged most by the Lake Chad Basin
crisis, has had a checkered history with their use of funds; the African
country was funded with 714 million dollars, and the nation has failed to meet
340 million of this “gift.” Therefore, the solution lies not with the
importation of more money and more resources, but a complete overhaul
of regulation and study of the use of other nation’s reliefs, as well as the
responsibility of the governments. British Ambassador to the UN, Matthew
Rycroft, stated in March 2017: ‘We came in order to show this will no longer be
a neglected crisis.’ His counterpart, Senegalese Ambassador Fodé Seck, went
further, urging that, ‘when we go back to New York, we must not sit idle … this
visit must have follow up.’ It is the obligation of the Security Council to
condemn the groups and authority members responsible for the infringement of
millions of citizen’s rights, infringements that the world has largely
neglected or ignored.

            Boko Haram, a terrorist network that has targeted,
exploited, and demonstrated its aptitude for violence, is run by Abubakar
Shekau, a man who has gained control of the area in the past and has continued
to influence the population even when he is not in authority. The group aims to
establish a fully Islamic state in Nigeria, including the implementation of
sharia criminal courts across the country. Paul Lubeck, a University of
California, Santa Cruz, professor who researches Muslim societies in Africa,
says Yusuf was a trained Salafist (an adherent of a school of thought often
associated with jihad), and was strongly influenced by Ibn Taymiyyah, a
fourteenth-century legal scholar who preached Islamic fundamentalism and is an
important figure for radical groups in the Middle East.

They
have attacked Nigeria’s police and army, politicians, schools, religious
buildings, public institutions, and civilians with increasing regularity since
2009. The threat of this group has delayed the importation of food, money,
building structure, and more. The power of the Boko Haram has only escalated in
the past few years, from the kidnapping of 200 children (mostly female) to the
kidnapping of the wife of Cameroon’s prime minister. These transgressions
signalize the broadening of efforts by this organization, which originally
began their fight in Borno, Nigeria. One way in which their mission has spread
like wildfire throughout the Lake Chad Basin area was the splitting of one
conglomerate into many separate factions. The new units moved to neighboring
countries, influencing the nations through lethal and repulsive actions.

What
makes the Boko Haram such an abominable threat to the safety of civilians is that
their message and call to violence may be understandable for minorities. For
several decades, social inequality has plagued the nation of Nigeria; many
people see the movement as an effect, not so much a cause. Government and elite
delinquency may have gradually fed into unspeakable mayhem, and the corruption
of public services is “a center of criminal enterprise.” A 2009 Amnesty
International report said Nigerian police were responsible for hundreds of
extrajudicial killings and disappearances each year that largely “go
uninvestigated and unpunished.” The group said in a later report that nearly
one thousand people, mostly Islamist militants, died in military custody in the
first half of 2013. However, these institutions and practices are still found
in the government of Nigeria today. Until these forces are checked for their
abuse of power, the terrorist attacks and prodding for power by the Boko Haram
network is unlikely to cease. President Jonathan appears intent on quelling the
group by force. Many experts argue that Boko Haram cannot be defeated on the
battlefield; it appears to be gaining strength after the crackdown in 2013,
acquiring better weapons, and fielding more fighters than ever. “Boko Haram
is better armed and better motivated than our own troops,” Borno state governor
Kashim Shettima said in February 2014. “Given the present state of affairs, it
is absolutely impossible for us to defeat Boko Haram.” The acts of the
terrorist group are appalling and gut-wrenching, but the dispersion of evil in
the governments of Nigeria and neighboring allies may result in the “killing of
two birds with one stone.”

If
the many countries in the Lake Chad Basin area of Africa want to find a clear causation
for the disappearance of people groups, resources, and peace, then we must gauge
the impact that the Boko Haram has had. Since February 2017, the number of
incidents and deaths during the crisis has skyrocketed, and the charts are
predicting an all-time high realization of violence and horror to the strongest
degree. As of August 11, 2017, 145 girls under the age of 25 have been utilized
in suicide blasts by the terrorist group; this number has likely grown since
then. The fear of impending doom and potential massacres have led to the
displacement of a miniscule amount of people. 17.2 million people have been
living in affected areas, and while displacement may seem as though it’s a
viable option, the blocking of several main roads and the flooding in numerous
locations has made travel, of any kind, virtually impossible. For those that
escape the terror that is contained within Niger, Cameroon, Chad, and Nigeria,
they are met with camps and territories of retreat that are in terrible
condition, plagued by disease and crime.

Despite
the United States urging an influx of law enforcement efforts and, even,
military support, this would be problematic due to the questionable history of
armed forces in Nigeria. Rather than suggest the expansion of brute force,
there should be mandatory inspections and overviews of the force currently
employed to maintain order and justice. The many injustices committed by the
citizens of the countries exclusively must not be ignored in favor of
exploiting the acts of terrorism, seeing as many of these situations could have
been avoided by an upright political and social system.

Another
way to compromise with the enemy is by improving the education and political
diversity in these countries. By showing many ethnicities and paths of life in
government, or in power, the Boko Haram’s reasons for causing catastrophes
throughout the many African nations will be found irrelevant and in the past.
If they were to continue their acts of horror after the checking of government
forces and discrimination, military action can then be used to abolish the
group once and for all; the diversification of the population and authority
figures would be a much quicker solution for a problem as dire as this one. The
resources are there for the taking, and by eliminating the presence of the Boko
Haram faction, the starving and neglected population can finally receive the
help and assistance that they have yearned for. 

             

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works
Cited/Bibliography:

Bseitter. “Humanitarian
Crisis in Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin.” CARE, 27 Oct. 2017,   www.care.org/emergencies/global-hunger-crisis/humanitarian-crisis-nigeria-and-lake-chad-basin.

“Lake Chad Basin: Crisis
Overview.” Lake Chad Basin: Crisis Overview | OCHA, 2017,   www.unocha.org/rowca/lake-chad-crisis.

“Lake Chad Basin: Crisis
Overview (as of 11 August 2017).” ReliefWeb, 11 Aug. 2017,             reliefweb.int/report/nigeria/lake-chad-basin-crisis-overview-11-august-2017.

“Lake Chad Basin |
Disaster Assistance.” U.S. Agency for International Development, 18 Dec.            2017, www.usaid.gov/crisis/lake-chad.

Mahmood, Omar S. “The
Hidden Opportunity of the Lake Chad Basin Crisis.” ISS Africa, 10        Mar. 2017,
issafrica.org/iss-today/the-hidden-opportunity-of-the-lake-chad-basin-crisis.

Sergie, Mohammed Aly, and
Toni Johnson. “Boko Haram.” Council on Foreign Relations,        Council on Foreign Relations, 5 Mar.
2015, www.cfr.org/backgrounder/boko-haram.

 

 

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