November 18, 2019

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There has been an increased amount of attention in the direction of ethnicity. This attention is creating complicated issues that are being disregarded. An increase within psychological information about ethnic groups within American can potentially aid with solving and filling certain gaps. If the awareness of ethnicity issues are increased they could potentially increase the amount of sensitivity upon the treatment of people from a more heavily broad background. People that claim membership to ethnic groups definitely possess important psychological insinuations that are underlying for individuals. Simply by knowing the ethnicity of an individual does not convey anything else about them. The relations between ethnicity and psychological results is abundantly uncertain. 
Even though there has been advances in the psychological process, in which to determine ethnicity, it is still blurred with what variables are necessary to comprehend an individuals ethnicity. Phinney’s goal within this article is to break down three certain aspects of ethnicity that are thought to account for its psychological importance. The three aspects are culture, ethnic identity, and minority status. Phinney strives to convey that culture, ethnic identity, and minority status are best suited to be terms of dimensions in which individual and samples vary; therefore, conveying why they should not be as categories into which that individuals can be classified. 
Jean S. Phinney focuses primarily upon ethnic groups of color within the U.S. Phinney utilizes the word ethnic group which means the individual within non-dominant groups. Phinney’s statements and discussions did not pertain to ethnic groups in multiple other parts of the world. 
Ethnicity technically means the same thing as race but the word ethnicity is utilized in order to avoid any type of disagreement with its definition. Ethnicity is utilized to distinguish individuals. Within ethnicity, there is a psychological importance. The importance is the way that individuals respond to one another. Some characteristics that determine the response from another individual are often differing facial features and skin color. Essentially, ethnicity is utilized to discuss larger groups of Americans when referring to their culture of origin or their race.  
Although there are numerous aspects of ethnicity the could be used to aid in describing the psychological importance within it, Phinney focuses on three. The first one is cultural values. Cultural values are of importance when referring to determining ethnicity but they cannot clarify the role of ethnicity in specific psychology based consequences. Members and nonmembers are not distinguished in instances where there are reliable cultural characteristics. Due to the overlap and blending of cultures, the measures of these cultures produce differing results of adherence to particular cultural values. The second aspect that Phinney focuses upon is ethnic identity. Ethnic identity is an elaborate combination of components that regulate the variety and degree of adherence with an individuals ethnic group. Two individuals within one ethnic group may vary widely with their adherence or commitment to the ethnic group. The third aspect is minority status. Minority status is very similar to other aspects of ethnicity. It cannot be a categorized variable that applies or does not. Instead, it is a variable that will vary between any particular individual or any ethnic group.  
Ethnicity is becoming more noticeable as an intricate multidimensional construct. Although it still continues to be referred to as a categorical variable in numerous cases. Ethnic groups have become more meaningful within society today although the borderlines are not constant and the conclusions of ethnicity vary heavily across each person. Although ethnicity is not constant and the conclusions vary heavily, Phinney did determine three factors, cultural values, ethnic identity, and minority status, that can be used and interpreted to aid in linking ethnicity to psychology. 

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