November 22, 2019

Our act of putting the people first and the

Our world is becoming closer and instantly
connected, the humankind have more power and control over things than ever
before. More people are becoming richer and having more than enough food to
eat, access to education, health care and are involved and included in society,
at the same time others are becoming poorer, oppressed and struggling for survival.
They are marginalized and rapped in poverty which makes the world utterly
unequal. By the 50s-60s there was a vision for a better world but the
indicators of well-being improve in some and declined in others; with lower
incomes, fewer children in school, worsening services in health and lower
expectations of life.  ‘Development means
standing against this inequality and injustice to allow freedom’ (Sen, 1999). And whereas putting
the last first is the easier half, putting the first last is harder; for those
in power to set down, listen and learn from the weak and last. The objective of
development around the world is responsible well-being by and for all,
combining and balancing the state and the market, ensuring means of livelihood,
providing basic services including health, shelter, water, education and
securing human rights. The act of putting the people first and the poor first
of all adds to uncertain active outcomes for the poor. For example; despite
putting the poverty as a main focus for the official aid, there is still deficiency in the actual spoken about amount of money. And the change
comes from the priorities of the powerful and the weak.

            Chambers
define the development as a ‘good change’ and change is a
process, this definition of development is aspiring to reach a suitable state.
Whether it is achieved in the short or long term, change has several
implications for society. And disorder may occur in the different living classes within the society as it moves towards good
change, but mere implication of something good is not enough for the word to be
equal with the phrase good change. Which can leave a contradiction to its
intended meaning, and cause a discourse on what constitutes this ‘good change’.
But it is important to consider that ideas about what is good
are disputed between actors in development and adjust over time (Chambers, Resposible well-being , 1997). In a lot of cases
the word development can be deceiving, in many times it is used by those who
are motivated by greed use it to justify their exploitative actions. While a
lot of the time it exploit the poor and destroy the natural resources to create
profit for rich elites. Promoting a capitalist empire.  The powerful development organizations
and institutions in the global North are the ones who actually decide what this
good change is (Chambers, Resposible well-being , 1997)

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            The
personal change is one suggested strategy, it maybe said its part of evangelism
or mythology. But it is actually what kind of people we are and what we want to
become. And are powerful people obliged enable lowers to express their values
and to answer whose value count? Chambers put a number of tactics to
self-changing, including; facilitating others, changing behavior, making
training experimental and interactive, reflect and share and finally chambers
added transform through children. But despite these tactics, we will diverse
and each of us has its own reality. And that will give different outcome on
each, but the main idea as simple as it seems and looks easy to adapt is to be
nice to each other. As Chambers defend his idea, he goes further to the power
shift, and empowering the poor, and the uppers giving up their place and allow
themselves to be vulnerable. Which in other means scarifying and the powerful
have to lose. (Chambers, Whose Reality Counts? Putting the First Last, 1997)

            One
example of success application of putting the first last, is the political
disempowerment in Africa; Kenya, Zimbabwe and South Africa, while it only
expected  violence and revenge after the
handing over of power  it showed
extraordinary forgiveness of black Africans after the colonial and white
domination. Simpler example when going beyond altruism and generosity by
steeping down, facilitating and giving opportunities in empowering the lowers.
Which will give the people a sense of liberation and
gain.  

            But
at the end one can’t simply expect the people of power to give in their power for the case of equality as much as the poor should
have same services and the power to decide, decades of developing had
maintained a certain scenario which the world have been following despite the
small number of exceptions. It could be related to the whole world development
and the inability for some countries to develop due to the elites in the world
and if any change of the economic, political or the power arrangement could
affect the wealth of those in power. If the change ought to be good; many
changes should happen, a theory for application could not be reasonable as
number of theories that would preserve every humankind regardless to their
place in the power.

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