December 15, 2019

includes; way and even their academic life can be

includes; low self-esteem due to the bullying they receive
about their weight, the shame they feel due to their weight and the blame they
put on themselves. The child’s ability to perform in social environments can be
affected in a negative way and even their academic life can be negatively
impacted due to their weight.1

In the past 30 years childhood obesity has seen to almost
triple, for children ages 2-5 obesity has risen from 5% in 1980 to 12.4% in
2008.2
1 in 5 children are obese before they even get the chance to reach reception,
in this statistic 22.6% are males and 21.2% are females. However, as the
children get older the percentage that are obese increase; upon reaching year 6
the statistics are 34.9% boys and 31.5% girls are obese. This shows that as
children get older they are at a higher risk of becoming obese.3
This is only a 7 year gap, in order to stop this epidemic from reaching even
more dangerous heights we need to question what the causes from children
becoming obese at such young ages are and how to tackle it from the root of the
problem.

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What causes Childhood Obesity?

The increase in obesity is mainly due to the increasing
energy imbalance where the child’s energy intake it is excessively greater than
the child’s energy expenditure, this means that the child consumes more
calories than the child burns through exercising, on a regular basis. Although children
need extra calories for their growth and development, their extra calorie
intake should be taken in moderation with the proportions taken into account to
limit the fat uptake of the body.4

There are many factors that constitute to a child being
obese. Some may say that genetics play a major role in obesity, that 25-40% in
BMI can be obtained through inherited genetics. It is believed that if a child
has two parents who are obese then the child will also be obese 5
or that the child’s chance of being obese increase by 60-80%6
because they may adopt the behaviourisms and characteristics of their family
such as their eating behaviour and the amount of physical activity they
participate in.7 However,
it is not only genetics that constitute to the child being obese, the environment
which they grow up in and the diet that their parents allow them to eat plays a
role in becoming obese. In fact genetics only play a 5% role in obesity there
are many other attributes that add to a child becoming obese. One source says “Body
weight (not necessarily excessive body fatness) is a reflection of genes,
metabolism, behaviors behaviours, culture, and socioeconomic status.”8
I agree with this statement but for each factor I believe they have varying
amount of impacts on childhood obesity.

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